Glossary of Dental Clinical Terms

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  • Abrasion
    Tooth abrasion is a progressive, pathological loss of tooth substances due to mechanical forces.
  • Apicoectomy
    Endodontic surgical procedure, includes remove the inflamed periapical tissue and bone and the tip of the root.
  • Avulsion
    Avulsion is a traumatic injury where the tooth is completely thrown out of its alveolar socket.
  • Abutment
    Abutment- is an element that is placed on the implant and it connects it with the restoration.
  • Addition Silicone Impressions
    Addition Silicone Impressions- usually used for precise impressions for fixed restorations.
  • Alginate Impression
    Alginate Impression- a special type of impression used in dentistry. Alginate is an irreversible hydrocolloid and the most common uses are for getting preliminary impressions for dentures, from patients that have an excessive flow of saliva, partial dentures, study models and more.
  • Alveoloplasty
    Alveoloplasty- a surgical procedure used to reshape the jawbones.
  • Amalgam
    Amalgam- a mixture of mercury and other metals, which was used for fillings in the past.
  • Apex
    Apex is also known as the end of the tooth’s root.
  • Arcus Digma 2
    a hi-tech computerized system used to diagnose patients with bite problems.
  • Bleaching
    A cosmetic procedure to restore the teeth’s natural color.
  • Bruxism
    Bruxism, or also known as teeth grinding, is a condition when people grind and clench their teeth and jaw.
  • Braces
    orthodontic devices used to straighten teeth and approve the patient’s appearance, functions, oral hygiene and everyday life.
  • Branemark Implant System
    The most scientifically documented implants in the world, with a great rate of success and amazing survival rates.
    Special computer software used for creating dental restorations
  • Canines
    Also known as dog teeth, are single-rooted teeth, placed next to the incisors.
  • Cementum
    Calcified tissue that covers the tooth’s root.
  • Cerec 3D
    A method of CAD/CAM for producing ceramic dental restorations.
  • Clear Orthodontic Aligners
    Set of transparent aligners used to straighten your teeth.
  • Composite Bonding
    Is a procedure where a thin layer of tooth-colored composite is molded on your teeth in order to get a better appearance.
  • Composite
    Tooth-colored dental material used for dental fillings and in cosmetic dentistry.
  • Cosmetic Dentistry
    A variety of procedures your dentist can perform to improve your appearance.
  • Cracked tooth syndrome
    Is a syndrome that usually affects the molars and includes a crack in the tooth that is of different dimensions, sometimes very small and hard to notice, while others it can affect the dental pulp.
  • Cystic lesion
    Is a cystic sack that can form in different parts of the jaws and is filled with fluid.
  • Calculus
    Calculus- is the hardened form of dental plaque.
  • Caries
    dental caries or also tooth decay is the most common disease that affects teeth. It is presented by a destruction of the tooth tissues by bacterial acids.
  • Condensation Silicon Impression
    Condensation Silicon Impression- impressions used for preparation of crowns and bridges
  • Decay
    The destruction of the tooth’s hard tissues (enamel, dentin, cementum).
  • Dental abscess
    An abscess is a collection of pus that is located around the root of a tooth, between the root and the gums or inside the bones of the jaws.
  • Dental Bridgeworks
    Dental restorations that are made to fill the gaps from missing teeth.
  • Dental Crown
    Fixed prosthetic “cap”.
  • Dental Laser
    Is a laser specially designed to be used in dentistry.
  • Dentin
    A tooth’s hard tissue, that surrounds the pulp, and is covered by enamel on the crown, and cementum on the roots.
  • Dentures
    Dentures are removable dental appliances that are used to replace missing teeth.
  • Diastema closure
    The process of closing a gap between two teeth.
  • Diastema
    Is a gap between two teeth.
  • Digital smile solution
    Is a software for diagnosing and designing a smile makeover.
  • Dental Implant
    Dental Implant- an artificial structure that looks like a tooth root meant to replace a missing tooth.
  • Diode Laser
    Diode Laser- mostly used for soft tissue procedures. The most common ones include excision of hyperplastic gingival tissue, periodontal treatment, hemostasis, gingivectomy, frenectomy, gingival sculpting techniques, treatment of aphthous ulcer and more.
  • Distal
    as an anatomical term is used to describe something that is located further than the point of reference.
  • DVT
    DVT- Digital Volume Tomography
  • Enamel
    A tooth’s hard tissue, that covers the crown.
  • Endodontics
    Studies the diagnosis and treating of oral pain and inflammation and infection of the soft tissue od the tooth (dental pulp) and the periapical tissues.
  • Erosion
    Dental erosion is a progressive loss of tooth substances due to their exposure to acids.
  • Extraction
    Pulling a tooth out of his socket.
  • Enameloplasty
    a procedure that is also known as recontouring or reshaping. It is usually used for cosmetic purposes to change the shape of irregular teeth, pointed teeth, pits in the enamel and more.
  • Feldspar ceramics
    Feldspar ceramic is a glass ceramic material mostly used for veneers or veneering metal-ceramic restorations.
  • Filling
    A material used to fill the gaps in the tooth made by removing the decayed parts.
  • Fixed orthodontic braces
    Fixed orthodontic braces are used to improve the position of misaligned teeth and jaws.
  • Furcation area
    Furcation area is the place where the different roots of a tooth separate.
  • Floss
    Floss- also known as the dental floss is used to remove food and plaque between teeth.
  • Fluoride Treatment
    Fluoride Treatment- a treatment that can prevent caries.
  • Gingival recession
    Gingival recession or receding gums happens when the gums are retracted and the root of the tooth is exposed.
  • Gingivitis
    Is an inflammatory process that affects the gums.
  • Gum surgery
    Some patients that have periodontal disease might need gum surgery.
  • Gums
    Is the part of the oral mucosa that covers the necks of teeth and the alveolar parts of maxilla and mandible.
  • Hemisection
    Dividing multi-rooted teeth in half in order to save the healthy part of the tooth.
  • Immediate dentures
    Immediate dentures are dentures that are made before extracting the remaining teeth and are placed in the mouth immediately after the removal of the teeth.
  • Impacted teeth
    Are teeth that have difficulties in erupting.
  • Implant dentistry
    Implant dentistry is a field in dentistry that is specialized in oral rehabilitation with dental implants.
  • Implants
    Dental implants are titanium structures that replace a tooth’s root.
  • Incisor
    Front four teeth, located between the canines.
  • Inlay
    Is an indirect filling that can be made of gold, porcelain or composite.
  • Impression
    Impression- a negative copy of the hard and soft tissues in your mouth.
  • Invisalign
    Invisalign- clear orthodontic braces used to straighten teeth.
  • lithium disilicate
    Lithium disilicate is a glass ceramic material and is one of the most commonly used materials for monolithic crowns, bridges, veneers, inlays, onlays, implant suprastructures.
  • Malocclusion
    Malocclusion, or also known as a poor bite, is actually a misalignment between the upper and lower teeth, and/or the upper and lower jaw.
  • Mandible
    Lower jaw
  • Maxilla
    Upper jaw
  • Microendodontics
    Microendodontics is an advancement in dentistry that uses microscopes in endodontics procedures.
  • Molar
    Multi-rooted teeth placed behind the premolars.
  • Mouthguard
    Mouthguards are special protective mouth appliances that are used to protect the teeth, lips, and gums.
  • Odontectomy
    Is a surgical procedure of extracting an impacted tooth.
  • Onlay
    Indirect filling used to replace a larger portion of a tooth including a tooth’s cusp.
  • Oral Prophylaxis
    Is a cleaning procedure to remove plaque build-up, calculus, stains.
  • Orthodontic Treatment
    A type of treatment that uses orthodontic devices to straighten malpositioned teeth and misaligned jaws.
  • Orthodontics
    Orthodontics is a field in dentistry that studies, prevents and treats irregularities of the teeth and the jaws.
  • Panoramic x-ray
    A type of x-ray that shows the whole mouth including both jaws, teeth, sinuses, temporomandibular joints, nasal area.
  • Periapical x-ray
    A type of x-ray that shows one to two teeth from their crown to their root and the surrounding bone.
  • Periapical
    The tissues that surround the root of a tooth.
  • Periodontal Disease
    Is an inflammatory disease that affects the periodontal tissues of a tooth. Periodontal Ligament- connective fibers that form the attachment of the tooth to the alveolar bone. Plaque- is a transparent, sticky, bacterial biofilm that forms on a tooth’s surface.
  • Periodontal Ligament
    connective fibers that form the attachment of the tooth to the alveolar bone.
  • Periodontal treatment
    The procedures that are taken for the treatment of periodontal disease.
  • Periodontics
    Periodontics is a field in dentistry that studies the supportive tissues of a tooth and it provides diagnosis and treatment of the diseases that affect the supportive tissues.
  • Plaque
    Is a transparent, sticky, bacterial biofilm that forms on a tooth’s surface.
  • Premolars
    Also known as bicuspids, are teeth located between canines and molars.
  • Probe
    A dental instrument used in diagnostic measures.
  • Prosthodontic dentistry
    Prosthodontics is a field in dentistry that is specialized in procedures that include the making of crowns, bridges, inlays, onlays, veneers, partial and total dentures and implants.
  • Pulp capping
    Pulp capping is a dental procedure used to prevent complete exposure of the dental pulp.
  • Pulp
    Soft tissue of the tooth, located in the central inner part.
  • Pulpectomy
    Pulpectomy is a dental procedure where the whole dental pulp is removed, both the coronal and radicular part.
  • Pulpitis
    Pulpitis is an inflammatory process that affects the dental pulp.
  • Pulpotomy
    Pulpotomy is a dental procedure that includes removing only the coronal part of the dental pulp, followed by applying a therapeutic agent.
  • Polyether Impression
    Polyether Impression- a type of impression mostly used for getting accurate reproductions from the mouth usually during restorative procedures.
  • Veneers
    Very thin pieces of material that are used to change the shape of a tooth’s surface.
  • Vita suprinity
    Glass ceramic material enriched with zirconia.