The CO2 laser is a type of laser used in dentistry for a number of procedures on soft tissues.
The CO2 laser is a very popular form of treatment for soft tissue application. It was introduced several decades ago, and since then it has gone through a number of advancements. The laser became better and is now used in a wide number of procedures. The most important thing about this laser is that it’s perfect for soft tissue application. It has a wavelength of 10.600 nm which makes it great for the soft tissues in a matter of coagulation and cutting as well. The longer the wavelength, the better the laser will penetrate in the tissue. The carbon dioxide laser has the longest wavelength among other soft-tissue lasers. It is already approved by the FDA as a treatment option. The procedures done with this laser include excision, ablation, incision, vaporization.
The CO2 laser is indicated for a very large number of dental procedures. These indications make it such a great and useful tool. They include gingivectomy, gingivoplasty, vestibuloplasty, papillectomy, frenectomy, flap surgery, drainage of abscess, homeostasis, removal of soft tissue lesions, removal of hyperplasias, treatment of aphthae and ulcers, biopsies, crown lengthening, operculectomy, activating bleaching agents, debridement of sulcus, removal of benign tumors, pathologies on salivary glands, preparation of gingiva for prosthetic appliances, resection during the treatment of periodontal disease, and more. As you can see the indications are really impressive.
This is a much better and easier way to do things compared to conventional surgery. It is more than clear that lasers can’t do everything, but the CO2 so far has been of great help for dentists. It has the ability to control bleeding which makes cutting into soft tissues much easier for dental professionals. By reducing the hemorrhage, they have more visibility in the field compared to cutting with scalpels. Another great thing is that these lasers are very fast and precise. It’s all done in a short period of time. The post-procedure period is much easier for the patient and the recovery is faster. The number of complications post-surgery is lower as well with the CO2 laser compared to conventional surgery. The laser destroys bacteria, and there is a minimal risk of infection. The use of lasers is very time-saving for dentists. If the patient can afford it, it’s a better alternative to conventional techniques in a lot of the cases. There are still many things that are supposed to be researched and improved in the use of the CO2 laser, but so far it is a very good solution for many dental problems.
The main disadvantage is the limited use. Although the CO2 laser is indicated for a number of procedures, it is still not as commonly used as conventional surgical procedures. Another disadvantage is, of course, the price. Not all patients can afford to pay the price. Also, not all dental offices can afford to buy one of these lasers. That is why patients can find the services in every dental clinic.