Glossary of Dental Clinical Terms

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  • Abrasion
    Tooth abrasion is a progressive, pathological loss of tooth substances due to mechanical forces.
  • Apicoectomy
    Endodontic surgical procedure, includes remove the inflamed periapical tissue and bone and the tip of the root.
  • Avulsion
    Avulsion is a traumatic injury where the tooth is completely thrown out of its alveolar socket.
  • Abutment
    Abutment- is an element that is placed on the implant and it connects it with the restoration.
  • Alveoloplasty
    Alveoloplasty- a surgical procedure used to reshape the jawbones.
  • Amalgam
    Amalgam- a mixture of mercury and other metals, which was used for fillings in the past.
  • Apex
    Apex is also known as the end of the tooth’s root.
  • Bleaching
    A cosmetic procedure to restore the teeth’s natural color.
  • Bruxism
    Bruxism, or also known as teeth grinding, is a condition when people grind and clench their teeth and jaw.
    Special computer software used for creating dental restorations
  • Canines
    Also known as dog teeth, are single-rooted teeth, placed next to the incisors.
  • Cementum
    Calcified tissue that covers the tooth’s root.
  • Cerec 3D
    A method of CAD/CAM for producing ceramic dental restorations.
  • Clear Orthodontic Aligners
    Set of transparent aligners used to straighten your teeth.
  • Composite Bonding
    Is a procedure where a thin layer of tooth-colored composite is molded on your teeth in order to get a better appearance.
  • Composite
    Tooth-colored dental material used for dental fillings and in cosmetic dentistry.
  • Cosmetic Dentistry
    A variety of procedures your dentist can perform to improve your appearance.
  • Cracked tooth syndrome
    Is a syndrome that usually affects the molars and includes a crack in the tooth that is of different dimensions, sometimes very small and hard to notice, while others it can affect the dental pulp.
  • Cystic lesion
    Is a cystic sack that can form in different parts of the jaws and is filled with fluid.
  • Calculus
    Calculus- is the hardened form of dental plaque.
  • Decay
    The destruction of the tooth’s hard tissues (enamel, dentin, cementum).
  • Dental abscess
    An abscess is a collection of pus that is located around the root of a tooth, between the root and the gums or inside the bones of the jaws.
  • Dental Bridgeworks
    Dental restorations that are made to fill the gaps from missing teeth.
  • Dental Crown
    Fixed prosthetic “cap”.
  • Dental Laser
    Is a laser specially designed to be used in dentistry.
  • Dentin
    A tooth’s hard tissue, that surrounds the pulp, and is covered by enamel on the crown, and cementum on the roots.
  • Dentures
    Dentures are removable dental appliances that are used to replace missing teeth.
  • Diastema closure
    The process of closing a gap between two teeth.
  • Diastema
    Is a gap between two teeth.
  • Digital smile solution
    Is a software for diagnosing and designing a smile makeover.
  • Enamel
    A tooth’s hard tissue, that covers the crown.
  • Endodontics
    Studies the diagnosis and treating of oral pain and inflammation and infection of the soft tissue od the tooth (dental pulp) and the periapical tissues.
  • Erosion
    Dental erosion is a progressive loss of tooth substances due to their exposure to acids.
  • Extraction
    Pulling a tooth out of his socket.
  • Feldspar ceramics
    Feldspar ceramic is a glass ceramic material mostly used for veneers or veneering metal-ceramic restorations.
  • Filling
    A material used to fill the gaps in the tooth made by removing the decayed parts.
  • Fixed orthodontic braces
    Fixed orthodontic braces are used to improve the position of misaligned teeth and jaws.
  • Furcation area
    Furcation area is the place where the different roots of a tooth separate.
  • Floss
    Floss- also known as the dental floss is used to remove food and plaque between teeth.
  • Fluoride Treatment
    Fluoride Treatment- a treatment that can prevent caries.
  • Gingival recession
    Gingival recession or receding gums happens when the gums are retracted and the root of the tooth is exposed.
  • Gingivitis
    Is an inflammatory process that affects the gums.
  • Gum surgery
    Some patients that have periodontal disease might need gum surgery.
  • Gums
    Is the part of the oral mucosa that covers the necks of teeth and the alveolar parts of maxilla and mandible.
  • Hemisection
    Dividing multi-rooted teeth in half in order to save the healthy part of the tooth.
  • Immediate dentures
    Immediate dentures are dentures that are made before extracting the remaining teeth and are placed in the mouth immediately after the removal of the teeth.
  • Impacted teeth
    Are teeth that have difficulties in erupting.
  • Implant dentistry
    Implant dentistry is a field in dentistry that is specialized in oral rehabilitation with dental implants.
  • Implants
    Dental implants are titanium structures that replace a tooth’s root.
  • Incisor
    Front four teeth, located between the canines.
  • Inlay
    Is an indirect filling that can be made of gold, porcelain or composite.
  • Impression
    Impression- a negative copy of the hard and soft tissues in your mouth.
  • lithium disilicate
    Lithium disilicate is a glass ceramic material and is one of the most commonly used materials for monolithic crowns, bridges, veneers, inlays, onlays, implant suprastructures.
  • Malocclusion
    Malocclusion, or also known as a poor bite, is actually a misalignment between the upper and lower teeth, and/or the upper and lower jaw.
  • Mandible
    Lower jaw
  • Maxilla
    Upper jaw
  • Microendodontics
    Microendodontics is an advancement in dentistry that uses microscopes in endodontics procedures.
  • Molar
    Multi-rooted teeth placed behind the premolars.
  • Mouthguard
    Mouthguards are special protective mouth appliances that are used to protect the teeth, lips, and gums.
  • Odontectomy
    Is a surgical procedure of extracting an impacted tooth.
  • Onlay
    Indirect filling used to replace a larger portion of a tooth including a tooth’s cusp.
  • Oral Prophylaxis
    Is a cleaning procedure to remove plaque build-up, calculus, stains.
  • Orthodontic Treatment
    A type of treatment that uses orthodontic devices to straighten malpositioned teeth and misaligned jaws.
  • Orthodontics
    Orthodontics is a field in dentistry that studies, prevents and treats irregularities of the teeth and the jaws.
  • Panoramic x-ray
    A type of x-ray that shows the whole mouth including both jaws, teeth, sinuses, temporomandibular joints, nasal area.
  • Periapical x-ray
    A type of x-ray that shows one to two teeth from their crown to their root and the surrounding bone.
  • Periapical
    The tissues that surround the root of a tooth.
  • Periodontal Disease
    Is an inflammatory disease that affects the periodontal tissues of a tooth. Periodontal Ligament- connective fibers that form the attachment of the tooth to the alveolar bone. Plaque- is a transparent, sticky, bacterial biofilm that forms on a tooth’s surface.
  • Periodontal Ligament
    connective fibers that form the attachment of the tooth to the alveolar bone.
  • Periodontal treatment
    The procedures that are taken for the treatment of periodontal disease.
  • Periodontics
    Periodontics is a field in dentistry that studies the supportive tissues of a tooth and it provides diagnosis and treatment of the diseases that affect the supportive tissues.
  • Plaque
    Is a transparent, sticky, bacterial biofilm that forms on a tooth’s surface.
  • Premolars
    Also known as bicuspids, are teeth located between canines and molars.
  • Probe
    A dental instrument used in diagnostic measures.
  • Prosthodontic dentistry
    Prosthodontics is a field in dentistry that is specialized in procedures that include the making of crowns, bridges, inlays, onlays, veneers, partial and total dentures and implants.
  • Pulp capping
    Pulp capping is a dental procedure used to prevent complete exposure of the dental pulp.
  • Pulp
    Soft tissue of the tooth, located in the central inner part.
  • Pulpectomy
    Pulpectomy is a dental procedure where the whole dental pulp is removed, both the coronal and radicular part.
  • Pulpitis
    Pulpitis is an inflammatory process that affects the dental pulp.
  • Pulpotomy
    Pulpotomy is a dental procedure that includes removing only the coronal part of the dental pulp, followed by applying a therapeutic agent.
  • Veneers
    Very thin pieces of material that are used to change the shape of a tooth’s surface.
  • Vita suprinity
    Glass ceramic material enriched with zirconia.