Glossary of Dental Clinical Terms
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- 3D dental scan
A diagnostic method that gives a 3D image of the jaws.
Tooth abrasion is a progressive, pathological loss of tooth substances due to mechanical forces.
Endodontic surgical procedure, includes remove the inflamed periapical tissue and bone and the tip of the root.
Avulsion is a traumatic injury where the tooth is completely thrown out of its alveolar socket.
Abutment- is an element that is placed on the implant and it connects it with the restoration.
Alveoloplasty- a surgical procedure used to reshape the jawbones.
Amalgam- a mixture of mercury and other metals, which was used for fillings in the past.
Apex is also known as the end of the tooth’s root.
A cosmetic procedure to restore the teeth’s natural color.
Bruxism, or also known as teeth grinding, is a condition when people grind and clench their teeth and jaw.
Special computer software used for creating dental restorations
Also known as dog teeth, are single-rooted teeth, placed next to the incisors.
Calcified tissue that covers the tooth’s root.
- Cerec 3D
A method of CAD/CAM for producing ceramic dental restorations.
- Clear Orthodontic Aligners
Set of transparent aligners used to straighten your teeth.
- Composite Bonding
Is a procedure where a thin layer of tooth-colored composite is molded on your teeth in order to get a better appearance.
Tooth-colored dental material used for dental fillings and in cosmetic dentistry.
- Cosmetic Dentistry
A variety of procedures your dentist can perform to improve your appearance.
- Cracked tooth syndrome
Is a syndrome that usually affects the molars and includes a crack in the tooth that is of different dimensions, sometimes very small and hard to notice, while others it can affect the dental pulp.
- Cystic lesion
Is a cystic sack that can form in different parts of the jaws and is filled with fluid.
Calculus- is the hardened form of dental plaque.
The destruction of the tooth’s hard tissues (enamel, dentin, cementum).
- Dental abscess
An abscess is a collection of pus that is located around the root of a tooth, between the root and the gums or inside the bones of the jaws.
- Dental Bridgeworks
Dental restorations that are made to fill the gaps from missing teeth.
- Dental Crown
Fixed prosthetic “cap”.
- Dental Laser
Is a laser specially designed to be used in dentistry.
A tooth’s hard tissue, that surrounds the pulp, and is covered by enamel on the crown, and cementum on the roots.
Dentures are removable dental appliances that are used to replace missing teeth.
- Diastema closure
The process of closing a gap between two teeth.
Is a gap between two teeth.
- Digital smile solution
Is a software for diagnosing and designing a smile makeover.
A tooth’s hard tissue, that covers the crown.
Studies the diagnosis and treating of oral pain and inflammation and infection of the soft tissue od the tooth (dental pulp) and the periapical tissues.
Dental erosion is a progressive loss of tooth substances due to their exposure to acids.
Pulling a tooth out of his socket.
- Feldspar ceramics
Feldspar ceramic is a glass ceramic material mostly used for veneers or veneering metal-ceramic restorations.
A material used to fill the gaps in the tooth made by removing the decayed parts.
- Fixed orthodontic braces
Fixed orthodontic braces are used to improve the position of misaligned teeth and jaws.
- Furcation area
Furcation area is the place where the different roots of a tooth separate.
Floss- also known as the dental floss is used to remove food and plaque between teeth.
- Fluoride Treatment
Fluoride Treatment- a treatment that can prevent caries.
- Gingival recession
Gingival recession or receding gums happens when the gums are retracted and the root of the tooth is exposed.
Is an inflammatory process that affects the gums.
- Gum surgery
Some patients that have periodontal disease might need gum surgery.
Is the part of the oral mucosa that covers the necks of teeth and the alveolar parts of maxilla and mandible.
Dividing multi-rooted teeth in half in order to save the healthy part of the tooth.
- Immediate dentures
Immediate dentures are dentures that are made before extracting the remaining teeth and are placed in the mouth immediately after the removal of the teeth.
- Impacted teeth
Are teeth that have difficulties in erupting.
- Implant dentistry
Implant dentistry is a field in dentistry that is specialized in oral rehabilitation with dental implants.
Dental implants are titanium structures that replace a tooth’s root.
Front four teeth, located between the canines.
Is an indirect filling that can be made of gold, porcelain or composite.
Impression- a negative copy of the hard and soft tissues in your mouth.
- lithium disilicate
Lithium disilicate is a glass ceramic material and is one of the most commonly used materials for monolithic crowns, bridges, veneers, inlays, onlays, implant suprastructures.
Malocclusion, or also known as a poor bite, is actually a misalignment between the upper and lower teeth, and/or the upper and lower jaw.
Microendodontics is an advancement in dentistry that uses microscopes in endodontics procedures.
Multi-rooted teeth placed behind the premolars.
Mouthguards are special protective mouth appliances that are used to protect the teeth, lips, and gums.
Is a surgical procedure of extracting an impacted tooth.
Indirect filling used to replace a larger portion of a tooth including a tooth’s cusp.
- Oral Prophylaxis
Is a cleaning procedure to remove plaque build-up, calculus, stains.
- Orthodontic Treatment
A type of treatment that uses orthodontic devices to straighten malpositioned teeth and misaligned jaws.
Orthodontics is a field in dentistry that studies, prevents and treats irregularities of the teeth and the jaws.
- Panoramic x-ray
A type of x-ray that shows the whole mouth including both jaws, teeth, sinuses, temporomandibular joints, nasal area.
- Periapical x-ray
A type of x-ray that shows one to two teeth from their crown to their root and the surrounding bone.
The tissues that surround the root of a tooth.
- Periodontal Disease
Is an inflammatory disease that affects the periodontal tissues of a tooth. Periodontal Ligament- connective fibers that form the attachment of the tooth to the alveolar bone. Plaque- is a transparent, sticky, bacterial biofilm that forms on a tooth’s surface.
- Periodontal Ligament
connective fibers that form the attachment of the tooth to the alveolar bone.
- Periodontal treatment
The procedures that are taken for the treatment of periodontal disease.
Periodontics is a field in dentistry that studies the supportive tissues of a tooth and it provides diagnosis and treatment of the diseases that affect the supportive tissues.
Is a transparent, sticky, bacterial biofilm that forms on a tooth’s surface.
Also known as bicuspids, are teeth located between canines and molars.
A dental instrument used in diagnostic measures.
- Prosthodontic dentistry
Prosthodontics is a field in dentistry that is specialized in procedures that include the making of crowns, bridges, inlays, onlays, veneers, partial and total dentures and implants.
- Pulp capping
Pulp capping is a dental procedure used to prevent complete exposure of the dental pulp.
Soft tissue of the tooth, located in the central inner part.
Pulpectomy is a dental procedure where the whole dental pulp is removed, both the coronal and radicular part.
Pulpitis is an inflammatory process that affects the dental pulp.
Pulpotomy is a dental procedure that includes removing only the coronal part of the dental pulp, followed by applying a therapeutic agent.
Placing a tooth that has been avulsed back into his previous position in the socket.
- Root Canal Treatment
Is the most common endodontic procedure.
- Root Planing and scaling
Treatment to remove plaque and calculus from the tooth’s surface.
Hard, adherent deposit on the tooth’s surface.
- Temporomandibular disorders (TMD)
TMD’s are a group of disorders that affect the temporomandibular joint and the masticatory muscles.
- Temporomandibular joint
The temporomandibular joint consists of two joints that connect the lower jaw to the skull.
- Tooth Contouring and reshaping
Procedure to improve the look of the patient’s teeth.
Very thin pieces of material that are used to change the shape of a tooth’s surface.
- Vita suprinity
Glass ceramic material enriched with zirconia.
- Wisdom teeth
- Zirconia Crowns
Crowns made of zirconia.
Xerostomia- also known as dry mouth.